Parodontologiya is engaged in studying, prophylaxis and treatment of diseases of the opornouderzhivayushchy device of teeth – a parodonta.
At 90% of people after the 35th summer age the inflammation and a staxis of gums is observed. A periodontal disease – the inflammatory disease of the opornouderzhivayushchy device of tooth leading to disturbance of basic function of teeth, to mastication dysfunction to a staxis of gums and, as a result, to loss of teeth. The microbial debris, carious lesions of teeth, their absence, malocclusion, heriditary factors, badly treated teeth, low-quality orthopedic designs is the reason.
Signs of illnesses of a parodont:
staxis of gums,
stripping of fangs, their mobility,
inflammation of gums, purulent discharges.
All this can not be followed by a painful symptom, very slowly and imperceptibly to progress. Therefore at detection at myself these signs – I wait for you on consultation.
At early simtoma (at an ulitis stage – a superficial inflammation of a gingiva) the problem can be solved also by means of the doctor – the hygienist.
At deeper lesion of a nebkhodim help of the therapist, surgeon, orthopedist and orthodontist.
The integrated approach is necessary for treatment of illnesses of a parodont:
The 1st stage – therapeutic – excision of a debris and stones, drug and apparatus treatment mucous and the parodontalnykh of pockets.
The 2nd stage – surgical – an exodontia, the opened and closed curettage the parodontalnykh of pockets, the referred fabric neogenesis.
The 3rd stage – orthopedic – aftertreatment by an adequate prosthetic repair, a shinirovaniye and implantation.
Professional hygiene of an oral cavity means itself excision of soft tooth deposits, a supragingival and subdingival dental calculus, polishing of teeth and seals, with complete control of a hygienic condition of an oral cavity. Excision of tooth deposits is carried out by an ultrasonic skeler. Subdingival deposits are taken out by manual tools. Polishing is made by means of the device AirFlow, special brushes and Pastas. The smooth surface of tooth doesn’t detain on itself a debris.
At professional hygiene you get advice about individual hygiene (tooth flosa, brushes, Pastas), how to eat properly (that is necessary and that it is impossible to enter into the ration).
Only the joint sostrudnichestvo with the doctor, systematic visit – time in half of year, will lead to steady results and a beautiful smile.
The modern odontology has also the latest techniques of the referred fabric neogenesis – at the started stages of diseases of a parodont there is a loss of the bone tissue surrounding tooth and therefore, damage of soft tissues and before the stomatologist there is a problem of restoration of the lost tissues.
Open curettage – a scrappy surgery the parodontalnykh of pockets, allows to clean all struck tissues and between a fang and a healthy bone to enter osteoplastic or osteotropny material which in 3-4 months is replaced with a healthy bone into the formed spaces. Earlier injured gingiva is restored by methods of a plastic parodontologiya.
Emergence of the new direction in an odontology – a plastic surgical parodontologiya allows to solve many cosmetic problems in an oral cavity.
From easily understood techniques it is a plasty of ugly gingival edge,
elongation of a clinical crown of tooth,
elimination of a gingival smile (it when gingivas are strongly visible at a smile),
plasty of bridles of an oral cavity,
elimination of recessions (stripping of fangs),
surgical interventions in the field of implants,
augmentation of volume of a bone and gingiva by preparation for implantation and a prosthetic repair, the referred fabric neogenesis.
Diseases of a parodont – a problem complex and only complex actions will be able to solve it.